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A younger Manley and his grandma, Goldie, are seen here in a scene about one hour before sunset. Notice that the light is quite yellow, typical of the setting sun. Flesh tone rendering is distorted by the excess yellow (deficiency of blue). The face is obviously ruddy. The recommended way to correct this problem is to use filtration on the camera. By attachment of a pale blue filter designed Wratten 82A, the excess yellow is taken out before the image reaches the film emulsion, making it far easier to get an accurate photographic reproduction of the original scene. No exposure compensation is needed with the 82A filter. When using slide film, filtration is the only option because the finished slide is the same film used in the camera and no adjustment of color is possible as would be with negative film. But even negative film benefits from filtration, especially if you intend to have machine prints made for the finished product.


Bad

For the purposes of illustration, I have doctored the same photo as shown above to mimic the effect of the Wratten 82A filter. The difference is subtle but important to the illusion of reality. Flesh tones here are more normal looking and the hair has lost its reddish tinge. Getting flesh tones correct is perhaps the most difficult challenge facing the photographer. How much easier it was in the days of old black and white! But color is doable if thought is given to all the variables, especially color temperature; that is, the quality of the ambient light. 


Good

An exciting task in picture taking is trying to create the illusion of motion in a still photograph. This picture juxtaposes the safety sign with the speeding jeep. Very simple. Very telling. You need to show blur, otherwise the jeep might as well be parked. But too much blur and the jeep becomes unrecognizable. Blur in this case is controlled by the shutter speed. An adjustable camera is just about essential here. Most modern adjustable cameras have a "fast" shutter fully capable of freezing this vehicle. That you do not want to do. So slow the shutter, in this case probably to around 1/250 second. Then be ready, for you need to release the shutter just a little before it gets to the desired position. Its tricky, because at the rate this jeep was traveling, a split second one way or the other and there would be no picture. As a footnote, anything else placed in this scene, especially a person,  would be very distracting. Only two elements in this planned photo are needed. Do not try to show too much in one photo.


Good